top of page



See below for a selection of journal publications from VSSL team members. Please contact individual members (listed in the "Our Team" page) directly for more information on a specific publication.

Hwang CS, Reddy A, Liao JM. Bridging to value with codes that promote care management. Am J Manag Care. 2020. (in press).

Reddy A, Marcotte LM, Zhou L, Fihn SD, Liao JM. Use of Chronic Care Management Among Primary Care Clinicians. Ann Fam Med. 2020. (in press).


Morgan KM, Marcotte LM, Zhou L, Liao JM. Annual Wellness Visits in the Era of Value-Based Care: National Trends in Use, 2011-2018. J Gen Intern Med. 2020. doi: 10.1007/s11606-020-06032-5.


Patel MS, Navathe AS, Liao JM. Using Nudges to Improve Value by Increasing Imaging-based Cancer Screening. J Am Coll Radiol. 2020;17(1):38-41.

Chen FM, Liao JM. Can Medicare for All Control Health Care Costs? Fam Med. 2020;52(1):75-76. 

Agarwal R, Liao JM, Gupta A, Navathe AS. The Impact of Bundled Payments on Health Care Spending, Utilization and Quality: A Systematic Review. Health Affairs. 2020;39(1):50-57.


Liao JM. Real and Perceived Opportunities for Radiologists to Respond to Value-Based Payment Reform. J Am Coll Radiol. 2020. 17(1):200-202. 


Navathe AS, Emanuel EJ, Venkataramani AS, Huang Q, Gupta A, Dinh CT, Shan EZ, Small D, Coe N, Wang E, Ma X, Zhu J, Cousins DS, Liao JM. Spending and Quality after 3 years of Medicare’s Bundled Payments for Joint Replacement Surgery. Health Affairs. 2020;39(1):58-66.

Liao JM, Pauly MV, Navathe AS. When Should Medicare Mandate Participation in Alternative Payment Models? Health Affairs. 2020;39(2):305-309. 

Liao JM, Navathe AS, Werner RM. The Impact of Medicare’s Alternative Payment Models on the Value of Care. Annual Review of Public Health. 2020; 41:12.1-12.15.


Marcotte LM, Reddy A, Zhou L, Miller SC, Hudelson C, Liao JM. Trends in Utilization of Transitional Care Management in the United States. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(1):e1919571.

Liao JM, Zhou L, Navathe AS. Nationwide Hospital Performance on Publicly Reported Episode Spending Measures. J Hosp Med. 2020. doi: 10.12788/jhm.3377. 

Marcotte LM, Liao JM. Sense and Sensitivity: Incorporating Test Characteristics into SARS-CoV-2 Testing Policy. JAMA Health Forum. 2020; 1(4):e200448. 


Marcotte LM, Liao JM. What We Talk About When We Talk about Care Management. Am J Manag Care. 2020;26(6):245-247. 


Liao JM, Zhou L, Navathe AS. Physician Group Performance in the First Year of Medicare’s Merit-based Incentive Payment System. Healthcare (Amst). 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.hjdsi.2020.100421.


Liao JM, Navathe AS. Does MIPS Disproportionately Impact Safety-Net Practices? JAMA Health Forum. 2020; 1(5):e200452.

Chen A, Wolpaw B, Vande Vusse L, Wu C, Meo N, Staub M, Hicks K, Carr S, Schleyer A, Harrington R, Klein J. Integration of Residency Program and Medical Center Efforts to Create a Framework for Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Training in Graduate Medical Education. Acad Med. 2020. 

Marcotte, LM, Chen A, Hwang CS, Liao JM. Primary care-oriented pathways to support population-based payment models. J Clin Pathways. 2019;5(7):39-42.

Marcotte LM, Reddy A, Liao JM. Addressing Avoidable Healthcare Costs: Time to Cool Off on Hotspotting in Primary Care? J Gen Intern Med. 2019;34(11):2634-2636.

Reddy A, Fihn SD, Liao JM. The MISSION Act: Creating a Center for Innovation in the VA. N Engl J Med. 2019;380(17):1592-1594.

Liao JMChen C. Getting “Bundle Ready”: Designing Clinical Pathways in the Context of Bundled Payments. J Clin Path. 2019; 5(10):49-51.

Chen C, Marcotte LM, Herner K, Liao JM. Value-Based Management of Clinical Pathways: An Applied Framework. J Clin Pathways. 2019;5(4):44-47. 

Liao JM, Polsky D, Emanuel EJ, Huang E, Shah Y, Zhu J, Lyon Z, Dykstra S, Navathe AS. National representativeness of hospitals and markets in Medicare’s mandatory bundled payment program. Health Affairs. 2019;38(1):44-53.

Liao GJ, Liao JM, Lalevic D, Zafar HM, Cook TS. Location, Location, Location: The Association Between Imaging Setting and Follow Up of Findings of Indeterminate Malignant Potential. J Am Coll Radiol. 2019. 

Liao JM, Navathe AS, Press MJ. Medicare’s Approach to Paying for Services that Promote Care Coordination. JAMA. 2019;321(2):147-148.


Monsen C, Liao JM, Baster B, Flynn K, Payne TH. The effect of medication cost transparency alerts on prescriber behavior: a randomized study. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2019; 26(10):920-927.

Liao GJ, Lee CI, Liao JM. Right Pockets, Right Solutions: Aligning Investments to Address Breast Cancer Screening Disparities. J Am Coll Radiol. 2019; 16(4):586-589.

Liao JM, Martinez JR, Shan EZ, Huang JJ, Dinh CT, Huang Q, Navathe AS. Medicare’s New Voluntary Bundled Payment Program: Episode Selection and Participant Characteristics. Healthcare (Amst.). 2019; 7(2):26-30.

Liao JM, Sommers BD, Navathe AS. Why Medicaid Needs Its Own Path to Value-Based Reforms. N Engl J Med. 2018; 379:105-108.

Liao JM, Shea JA, Weissman A, Navathe AS. Physician Perspectives in Year 1 of MACRA and its Merit-Based Payment System: A National Survey. Health Affairs. 2018; 37(7): 1079-1086.

Liao JM, Navathe AS. Following the Letters of the Law? Nudging Physicians to Reduce Quetiapine Prescribing using Medicare Letters. JAMA Psychiatry. 2018; 75(10):989-900.

Liao JM, Basu A, Lee CI. The Value of Imaging-Based Cancer Screening Episodes. JGIM. 2018; 75(10):989-990.

Liao JM, Chu D, Navathe AS. Succeeding in New Cardiac Bundles: Lessons from History, Directions for the Future. Ann Surg. 2018; 268(6):938-939.

Navathe AS, Liao JM, Polsky D, Shah Y, Huang E, Zhu J, Lyon Z, Wang R, Rolnick J, Martinez J, Emanuel EJ. Comparison of Hospitals Participating In Medicare’s Voluntary And Mandatory Orthopedic Bundle Programs. Health Affairs. 2018; 37(6): 854-863.

Liao JM, Navathe AS, Schapira MS, Weissman A, Mitra N, Asch DA. Penalizing Physicians for Low Value Care in Hospital Medicine: A Randomized Survey. J Hosp Med. 2018; 13(1):41-44.

Liao JM, Navathe AS, Schapira MS, Weissman A, Mitra N, Asch DA. When Reducing Low Value Care in Hospital Medicine Saves Money, Who Benefits? J Hosp Med. 2018; 13(1):45-48.

Liao JM, Hodlofski A, Moore R, Navathe AS. Partnership HealthPlan of California: Stemming the Tide of Opioid Overuse with Behavioral Design Principles. Healthc (Amst). 2018;6(1):95-98.

Liao JM, Navathe AS, Chu D. Reframing the Value Proposition of Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Bundles. JAMA Surg. 2018; 153(3):199-200.

Liao JM, Emanuel EJ, Whittington GL, Small DS, Troxel AB, Zhu J, Zhong W, Navathe AS. Physician Practice Variation Under Orthopedic Bundled Payment. Am J Manag Care. 2018;24(6):300-306.

Liao JM, Navathe AS, Press MJ. Is the Hospital of the Future at Home? JAMA Intern Med. 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.2566.

Liao JM, Konetzka RT, Werner RM. Trends in Hospital-SNF Relationships in the Care of Medicare Beneficiaries. Healthcare. 2018; 6(3):175-179.

Navathe AS, Liao JM, Emanuel EJ. Volume Increases and Shared Decision Making in Joint Replacement Bundles. Ann Surg. 2018; 267(1): 35-36.

Navathe AS, Liao JM, Shah Y, Lyon Z, Chatterjee P, Polsky D, Emanuel EJ. Characteristics of hospitals earning savings in the first year of mandatory bundled payment for hip and knee surgery. JAMA. 2018; 319(9): 930-932.

Reddy A, Wong ES, Canamucio A, Nelson KM, Fihn SD, Yoon J, Werner RM (2018). Association between continuity and team-based care and healthcare utilization: An observational study of Medicare-eligible Veterans in VA Patient Aligned Care Team. Health services research. 2018;53:5159-80.

Liao GJ, Liao JM, Lalevic D, Cook TS, Zafar HM. Time to Talk: Can Radiologists Improve Follow Up of Abdominal Imaging Findings Indeterminate for Malignancy by Initiating Verbal Communication? J Am Coll Radiol. 2018; 15(11):1627-1632.

Hebert PL, Batten AS, Gunnink E, Reddy A, Wong ES, Fihn SD, Liu CF. Reliance on Medicare Providers by Veterans after Becoming Age‐Eligible for Medicare is Associated with the Use of More Outpatient Services. Health services research. 2018;53:5159-80.

Liao GJ, Liao JM, Cook TS. Geographic Patterns of Radiology Referrals in the US: A Descriptive Network Analysis. J Am Coll Radiol. 2018; 15(6):827-833.

Liao JM, Hodlofski A, Whittington G, Zucker M, Viroslav S, Fox DL, Navathe AS. Baptist Health System: Succeeding in Bundled Payments through Behavioral Principles. Healthcare (Amst). 2017; 5(3):136-140.

Liao JM, Schapira MM, Navathe AS, Mitra N, Weissman A, Asch DA. The effect of emphasizing patient, societal, and institutional harms of inappropriate antibiotic prescribing on physician support of financial penalties: A randomized trial. Ann Intern Med. 2017; 167(3): 215-216.

Liao JM, Ommerborn MJ, Clark CR. Association between features of patient-provider discussions and routine prostate-specific antigen testing. PLoS One. 2017; 12(5): e0177687.

Zivin K, Miller BF, Finke B, Bitton A, Payne P, Stowe EC, Reddy A, Day TJ, Lapin P, Jin JL, Sessums LL. Behavioral Health and the Comprehensive Primary Care (CPC) Initiative: findings from the 2014 CPC behavioral health survey. BMC health services research. 2017;17(1):612.

Liao JM, Fischer MA. Restrictions of Hepatitis C Treatment for Substance-Using Medicaid Patients: Cost vs Ethics. Am J Public Health. 2017. 107(6): 893-899.

McKenney J, Chen A, Hoover K, Kelly J, Dowdy D, Sharifi P, Sullivan P, Rosenberg E. Optimal Costs of HIV pre- exposure prophylaxis for men who have sex with men. PLOS One, 2017;12(6):e0178170.

Navathe AS, Troxel AB, Liao JM, Nan N, Zhu J, Zhong W, Emanuel EJ. Costs of Joint Replacement Using Bundled Payment Models. JAMA Intern Med. 2017; 177(2):214-222.

Reddy A, Sessums L, Gupta R, Jin J, Day T, Finke B, Bitton A. (2017). Risk Stratification Methods and Provision of Care Management Services in Comprehensive Primary Care Initiative Practices. The Annals of Family Medicine, 15(5), 451-454.

Liao JM, Fleisher LA, Navathe AS. Increasing the Value of Social Comparisons of Physician Performance Using Norms. JAMA. 2016; 316(11):1151-1152.

Peacock S, Reddy A, Leveille SG, Walker J, Payne,TH, Oster NV, Elmore JG. (2016). Patient portals and personal health information online: perception, access, and use by US adults. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, ocw095.

Marcotte L, Hodlofski A, Bond A, Patel P, Sacks L, Navathe A. Into Practice: How Advocate Health System uses behavioral economics to motivate physicians in its incentive program. HealthCare: Journal of Delivery Science and Innovation. 2016.

Liao JM, Emanuel EJ, Navathe AS. Six Trends that will Reshape the Patient Provider Dynamic. Healthcare (Amst). 2016; 4(3):148-150.

Reddy A, Huseman TL, Canamucio A, Marcus SC, Asch DA, Volpp K, Long JA. (2016). Patient and Partner Feedback Reports to Improve Statin Medication Adherence: A Randomized Control Trial. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 1-6.

Liao JM, Navathe AS. Money, Motivation, and Uncertainty in Paying for Performance. Lancet. 2016; 387(10022):936-937.

Khullar D, Chokshi DA, Kocher R, Reddy A, Basu K, Conway PH, Rajkumar R. (2015). Behavioral Economics and Physician Compensation—Promise and Challenges. New England Journal of Medicine, 372(24), 2281-2283.

Liao JM, Fischer MA. Early Trends in Sofosbuvir Utilization by State Medicaid Programs. N Engl J Med. 2015;373(13):1279-1281.

Reddy A, Pollack CE, Asch DA, Canamucio A, Werner RM. (2015). The Effect of Primary Care Provider Turnover on Patient Experience of Care and Ambulatory Quality of Care. JAMA internal medicine.

Choudhry NK, Liao JM, Detsky AS. Selecting a Specialist: Adding Evidence to the Clinical Practice of Making Referrals. JAMA. 2014. 312(18):1861-1862.

Reddy A, Shea JA, Canamucio A, Werner RM. (2014). The Effect of Organizational Climate on Patient-Centered Medical Home Implementation. American Journal of Medical Quality, 1062860614532516.

Chen, A, Dowdy, D. Clinical Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness of HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis in Men Who Have Sex with Men: Risk Calculators for Real-World Decision-Making. PLOS One. 2014;9(10):e108742.

Reddy A, Canamucio A, Werner RM. (2014). Impact of Patient-Centered Medical Home on Veteran Experiences of Care. American Journal of Managed Care.

Liao JM, Thomas EJ, Bell SK. Speaking Up About the Dangers of The Hidden Curriculum. Health Affairs. 2014; 33(1)168-171.

Marcotte L, Moriates C, Milstein A. Professional Organizations’ Role in Supporting Physicians to Improve Value in Health Care. JAMA. 2014; 312(3): 231-2.

Liao JM, Co JT, Kachalia A. Providing Educational Content and Context for Training the Next Generation of Physicians in Quality Improvement. Acad Med. 2015; 90(19):1241-1245.

Liao JM, Roy CL, Eibensteiner K, Nolido N, Schnipper JL, Dalal AK. Lost in Transition: Discrepancies in how Physicians Perceive the Actionability of the Results of Tests Pending at Discharge. J Hosp Med. 2014; 9(6):407-409.

Marcotte L, Kirtane J, Lynn J, McKethan A. Integrating Health Information Technology to Achieve Seamless Care Transitions. Journal of Patient Safety. 2014.

Liao JM, Williams ST, Etchegaray JE, Berger DH, Bell SK, Thomas ET. The Medical Student Safety Attitudes & Professionalism Survey (MSSAPS): Grading Patient Safety Progress Through Medical Student Experiences. Acad Med. 2014; 89 (2): 1-9.

Liao JM, Wachter RM. Grading residents’ clinical performance: unique opportunities and challenges. J Gen Intern Med. 2014; 29(7):983-985.

Couralet M, Leulu H, Capuano F, Marcotte L, Nitenberg G, Sicotte C, Minvielle E. Method for developing national quality indicators based on manual data extraction from medical records. BMJ Quality and Safety. 2013; 22(2): 155-62.

Reilly J, Marcotte L, Burns J, Shea J. Handoff Communication Between Hospital and Outpatient Dialysis Units at Patient Discharge: A Qualitative Study. The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety. 2013; 39(2): 70-76.

Marcotte L, Seidman S, Trudel K, Berwick D, Blumenthal D, Mostashari F, Jain S. Achieving Meaningful Use of Health Information Technology: A Guide for Physicians. Archives of Internal Medicine. 2012;172(9):731-736.

Graham-Jones P, Jain S, Friedman C, Marcotte L, Blumenthal D. The Need To Incorporate Health Information Technology Into Physicians’ Education And Professional Development. Health Affairs. 2012; 31(3):481-7.

Chen A, Pollack CE. Who Pays? Cost-sharing, tradeoffs and the physician’s role in decision making. J Gen Intern Med. 2012; 27(9):1097-1099. 

Liao JM. Patient Safety: An Educational Competency. Lancet. 2012; 379(9830):1933.

Bindman A, Chen A, Fraser J, Ofman D, Yee H. Healthcare Reform with a Safety Net: Lessons from San Francisco. Am J Manag Care. 2009;15(10):747-50.

bottom of page